"Under the Knife" by Christopher Beam. August 25, 2014 issue of The New Yorker.
Here are some more key quotes about Chinese society:
"For much of his career, [Wei Liangyue] has specialized in human-rights law. He has suffered as a result. At the time of the trial, Wei had only recently returned from a reëducation camp… In 2009, he and his wife were detained for a month by police from Harbin’s public-security bureau…"